Brian Murray

Brian Murray

Research Professor of Environmental Economics

Interim Director, Duke Energy Initiative

Dr. Brian C. Murray is Director of the Environmental Economics Program at the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, Interim Director of the Duke University Energy Initiative, and Research Professor at the Nicholas School of the Environment. He is widely recognized for his work on the economics of climate change policy, including the design of cap-and-trade policy elements to address cost containment and inclusion of offsets from traditionally uncapped sectors such as forestry and agriculture. Members of the United States Congress and their staff have sought the counsel of Dr. Murray and Nicholas Institute colleagues as they have developed climate change legislative proposals. Dr. Murray has been invited as a co-author of several national and international assessments of forest resources, especially related to climate change. Of particular note, he was a convening lead author of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Special Report on Land Use, Land Use Change, and Forestry, which confers status shared by all other IPCC authors as joint contributors to the IPCC’s 2007 Nobel Peace prize. He has convened several forums of economic modeling experts to examine and communicate the results of their climate, energy and land use policy efforts to the public and private sectors. His research has examined the economic effects of traditional command-based regulatory strategies for pollution control and more market-oriented approaches such as cap-and-trade programs and emission taxes. He has been a consultant to a wide range of clientele in the public and private sector, including numerous federal government agencies, members of Congress and their staff, state regulatory agencies, CEOs and senior staff from Fortune 500 companies, trade groups, nongovernmental organizations, and other academic institutions. His work has been published in books, edited volumes, and professional journals. Prior to coming to the Nicholas Institute in 2006, Dr. Murray was Director of the Center for Regulatory Economics and Policy Research at RTI International, a university-affiliated not-for-profit research institution.

In The News


Murray, BC, Galik, CS, and Vegh, T. "Biogas in the United States: estimating future production and learning from international experiences." Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 22, no. 3 (March 2017): 485-501.
Wiener, J, Monast, J, and Murray, B. "On Morals, Markets, and Climate Change: Exploring Pope Francis’ Challenge." Law & Contemporary Problems 80 (2017): 135-162.
Ross, MT, and Murray, BC. "What is the fuel of the future? Prospects under the Clean Power Plan." Energy Economics 60 (November 2016): 451-459.
Galik, CS, Murray, BC, Mitchell, S, and Cottle, P. "Alternative approaches for addressing non-permanence in carbon projects: an application to afforestation and reforestation under the Clean Development Mechanism." Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 21, no. 1 (January 2016): 101-118.
Miteva, DA, Murray, BC, and Pattanayak, SK. "Do protected areas reduce blue carbon emissions? A quasi-experimental evaluation of mangroves in Indonesia." Ecological Economics 119 (November 2015): 127-135.


ENVIRON 593: Independent Studies and Projects (ENVIRON 593: Independent Studies and Projects)
ENVIRON 899: Master's Project (ENVIRON 899: Master's Project)
ENERGY 891: Topics in Environmental Regulation (ENERGY 891: Topics in Environmental Regulation)
ENVIRON 997: Duke Environmental Leadership: Independent Studies and Projects (ENVIRON 997: Duke Environmental Leadership: Independent Studies and Projects)
ENVIRON 891: Topics in Environmental Regulation (ENVIRON 891: Topics in Environmental Regulation)

Contact Information

Box 90335
Durham, NC 27708-0328
2117 Campus Drive
Durham, NC 27708


Ph.D., Duke University (1992)
M.S., Duke University (1987)
B.S., University of Delaware (1983)