Nicholas Professor of Earth System Science
MF Program Co-Chair
With his graduate students, Dr. Oren quantifies the components of water flux in forest ecosystems and the influence of biotic and abiotic factors on water and, due to strong links between carbon and water, on carbon flux. Climate variability, including variations in air temperature, vapor pressure deficit, incoming radiation and soil moisture, and environmental change, including elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide, affect the intra- and inter-annual patterns and amounts of water used by forest ecosystems, and its spatial distribution, as well as carbon uptake and sequestration. The variation of water flux influence the temporal and spatial partitioning of incoming radiation between latent and sensible heat. Using a local mass balance approach and detailed measurements of water flux and driving variables in the soil, plants, and the atmosphere, in forests from Brazil to Alaska, Dr. Oren evaluates the likely responses of different forest ecosystems to environmental change.
In The News
Tor-Ngern, P, Oren, R, Oishi, AC, Uebelherr, JM, Palmroth, S, Tarvainen, L, Ottosson-Löfvenius, M, Linder, S, Domec, J-C, and Näsholm, T. "Ecophysiological variation of transpiration of pine forests: synthesis of new and published results." Ecological applications : a publication of the Ecological Society of America 27, no. 1 (January 2017): 118-133.
Franklin, O, Cambui, CA, Gruffman, L, Palmroth, S, Oren, R, and Näsholm, T. "The carbon bonus of organic nitrogen enhances nitrogen use efficiency of plants." Plant, cell & environment 40, no. 1 (January 2017): 25-35.
Metcalfe, DB, Ricciuto, D, Palmroth, S, Campbell, C, Hurry, V, Mao, J, Keel, SG, Linder, S, Shi, X, Näsholm, T, Ohlsson, KEA, Blackburn, M, Thornton, PE, and Oren, R. "Informing climate models with rapid chamber measurements of forest carbon uptake." Global change biology (August 4, 2016).
Hasselquist, NJ, Metcalfe, DB, Inselsbacher, E, Stangl, Z, Oren, R, Näsholm, T, and Högberg, P. "Greater carbon allocation to mycorrhizal fungi reduces tree nitrogen uptake in a boreal forest." Ecology 97, no. 4 (April 2016): 1012-1022.
Kim, D, Oren, R, and Qian, SS. "Response to CO2 enrichment of understory vegetation in the shade of forests." Global change biology 22, no. 2 (February 2016): 944-956.
ENVIRON 593: Independent Studies and Projects (ENVIRON 593: Independent Studies and Projects)
ENVIRON 898: Program Area Seminar (ENVIRON 898: Program Area Seminar)
ENVIRON 503: Forest Ecosystems (ENVIRON 503: Forest Ecosystems)
ENVIRON 899: Master's Project (ENVIRON 899: Master's Project)
ENVIRON 393: Research Independent Study (ENVIRON 393: Research Independent Study)
Durham, NC 27708-0328
A246A Lev Sci Res Ctr
Durham, NC 27708
Ph.D., Oregon State University (1984)
M.S., Oregon State University (1980)
B.S., Humboldt State University (1978)