Nicholas Professor of Earth System Science
MF Program Co-Chair
With his graduate students, Dr. Oren quantifies the components of water flux in forest ecosystems and the influence of biotic and abiotic factors on water and, due to strong links between carbon and water, on carbon flux. Climate variability, including variations in air temperature, vapor pressure deficit, incoming radiation and soil moisture, and environmental change, including elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide, affect the intra- and inter-annual patterns and amounts of water used by forest ecosystems, and its spatial distribution, as well as carbon uptake and sequestration. The variation of water flux influence the temporal and spatial partitioning of incoming radiation between latent and sensible heat. Using a local mass balance approach and detailed measurements of water flux and driving variables in the soil, plants, and the atmosphere, in forests from Brazil to Alaska, Dr. Oren evaluates the likely responses of different forest ecosystems to environmental change.
In The News
Lim, H, Oren, R, Linder, S, From, F, Nordin, A, Fahlvik, N, Lundmark, T, and Näsholm, T. "Annual climate variation modifies nitrogen induced carbon accumulation of Pinus sylvestris forests." Ecological applications. 27, no. 6 (September 2017): 1838-1851.
Kim, D, Oren, R, Clark, JS, Palmroth, S, Oishi, AC, McCarthy, HR, Maier, CA, and Johnsen, K. "Dynamics of soil CO2 efflux under varying atmospheric CO2 concentrations reveal dominance of slow processes." Global change biology 23, no. 9 (September 2017): 3501-3512.
Way, DA, Stinziano, JR, Berghoff, H, and Oren, R. "How well do growing season dynamics of photosynthetic capacity correlate with leaf biochemistry and climate fluctuations?." Tree physiology 37, no. 7 (July 2017): 879-888.
Metcalfe, DB, Ricciuto, D, Palmroth, S, Campbell, C, Hurry, V, Mao, J, Keel, SG, Linder, S, Shi, X, Näsholm, T, Ohlsson, KEA, Blackburn, M, Thornton, PE, and Oren, R. "Informing climate models with rapid chamber measurements of forest carbon uptake." Global change biology 23, no. 5 (May 2017): 2130-2139.
Tor-Ngern, P, Oren, R, Oishi, AC, Uebelherr, JM, Palmroth, S, Tarvainen, L, Ottosson-Löfvenius, M, Linder, S, Domec, J-C, and Näsholm, T. "Ecophysiological variation of transpiration of pine forests: synthesis of new and published results." Ecological applications. 27, no. 1 (January 2017): 118-133.
Can Variation in Hydraulic Conductance Explain Isohydric and Anisohydric Stomatal Behavior? awarded by US-Israel Binational Science Foundation
Constraining the Simultaneous Effects of Elevated CO2, Temperature, and Shifts in Rainfall Patterns on Ecosystme Carbon awarded by Department of Energy
Hydraulic Controls on Carbon Cycling and Water Exchange Rates of Southern Conifers awarded by Department of Agriculture
How will the Interaction Between Roots and Canopy Physiological Functioning at Night Influence Water and Carbon Fluxes awarded by North Carolina State University
ENVIRON 593: Independent Studies and Projects (ENVIRON 593: Independent Studies and Projects)
ENVIRON 898: Program Area Seminar (ENVIRON 898: Program Area Seminar)
ENVIRON 503: Forest Ecosystems (ENVIRON 503: Forest Ecosystems)
ENVIRON 899: Master's Project (ENVIRON 899: Master's Project)
ENVIRON 393: Research Independent Study (ENVIRON 393: Research Independent Study)
Durham, NC 27708-0328
A246A Lev Sci Res Ctr
Durham, NC 27708
Ph.D., Oregon State University (1984)
M.S., Oregon State University (1980)
B.S., Humboldt State University (1978)