Associate Research Professor
Dr. Palmroth's research focuses on the effects of resource availability and climatic variability on carbon uptake and allocation of individual shoots, trees and forest ecosystems. She studies ecophysiological processes in trees from leaf to stand scales, with special emphasis on conifers. In particular, Dr. Palmroth is interested in the radiative transfer in forest canopies, how the radiation regime is affected by conifer shoot structure, and what the feedbacks are between availability of solar energy and allocation on carbon and nitrogen within canopies. She is also interested in how the carbon fixed in photosynthesis is allocated between above and belowground pools and what are the possible interaction effects on the allocation of the availabilities of nutrients and water and the level of atmospheric [CO2].
Kim, D, Oren, R, Clark, JS, Palmroth, S, Oishi, AC, McCarthy, HR, Maier, CA, and Johnsen, K. "Dynamics of soil CO2 efflux under varying atmospheric CO2 concentrations reveal dominance of slow processes." Global change biology 23, no. 9 (September 2017): 3501-3512.
Metcalfe, DB, Ricciuto, D, Palmroth, S, Campbell, C, Hurry, V, Mao, J, Keel, SG, Linder, S, Shi, X, Näsholm, T, Ohlsson, KEA, Blackburn, M, Thornton, PE, and Oren, R. "Informing climate models with rapid chamber measurements of forest carbon uptake." Global change biology 23, no. 5 (May 2017): 2130-2139.
Tor-Ngern, P, Oren, R, Oishi, AC, Uebelherr, JM, Palmroth, S, Tarvainen, L, Ottosson-Löfvenius, M, Linder, S, Domec, J-C, and Näsholm, T. "Ecophysiological variation of transpiration of pine forests: synthesis of new and published results." Ecological applications. 27, no. 1 (January 2017): 118-133.
Paschalis, A, Katul, GG, Fatichi, S, Palmroth, S, and Way, D. "On the variability of the ecosystem response to elevated atmospheric CO 2 across spatial and temporal scales at the Duke Forest FACE experiment." Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 232 (January 2017): 367-383.
Franklin, O, Cambui, CA, Gruffman, L, Palmroth, S, Oren, R, and Näsholm, T. "The carbon bonus of organic nitrogen enhances nitrogen use efficiency of plants." Plant, cell & environment 40, no. 1 (January 2017): 25-35.
Human and Natural Forcings of Critical Zone Dynamics and Evolution at the Calhoun Critical Zone Observatory awarded by National Science Foundation
Constraining the Simultaneous Effects of Elevated CO2, Temperature, and Shifts in Rainfall Patterns on Ecosystme Carbon awarded by Department of Energy
Hydraulic Controls on Carbon Cycling and Water Exchange Rates of Southern Conifers awarded by Department of Agriculture
How will the Interaction Between Roots and Canopy Physiological Functioning at Night Influence Water and Carbon Fluxes awarded by North Carolina State University
ENVIRON 806: Duke Forest Practicum (ENVIRON 806: Duke Forest Practicum)
ENVIRON 708: Silviculture Prescription (ENVIRON 708: Silviculture Prescription)
ENVIRON 593: Independent Studies and Projects (ENVIRON 593: Independent Studies and Projects)
ENVIRON 505: Functional Ecology of Trees (ENVIRON 505: Functional Ecology of Trees)
ENVIRON 705L: Ecological Management of Forest Systems (Silviculture) (ENVIRON 705L: Ecological Management of Forest Systems (Silviculture))
A233A Lev Sci Res Ctr
Durham, NC 27708
Durham, NC 27708-0328
Ph.D., University of Helsinki (Finland) (2000)
M.S., University of Helsinki (Finland) (1994)