Vaithiyanathan, P., A. Ramanathan, and V. Subramanian. 1993. Transport and distribution of heavy metals in Cauvery River. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 71:13-28.

Abstract. Heavy metal transport in Cauvery River chiefly takes place in the particulate form. Tributaries Hemevathi and Kabini draining highly mineralized areas contribute significantly to the heavy metal load of the Cauvery River. Particulate metal transport is influenced by the presence of major dams built across the river. Factor analysis of the elemental data identifies two major group of heavy metals, (a) Fe, Mn, Cr, V, and Ti and (b) Cu, Pb, and Zn in the suspended sediments of Cauvery River. Heavy metals in surface sediments show wide variations in their concentrations due to the non-uniform grain size distribution of the sediments. The elements Fe, Mn, Pb, Cu, Zn, Ni, Co, and As are dominantly present in the < 20 m m fraction of the river sediments. Speciation studies show that Fe-Mn oxide phase held the largest share of heavy metals in the sediments. The depth variation of heavy metals in the core sediments suggests their similar mobility during diagenesis. Geoaccumulation indices calculated suggest that Cd, Zn, Cr, Pb, Cu, and Ni are enriched in sediments several times over background values.

Reproduced with kind permission from Kluwer Academic Publishers

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