James Hench

James Hench

Associate Professor of Oceanography

Secondary Appointment

Research in my lab focuses on fluid dynamics in the coastal ocean and its effects on transport processes. We use field measurements, computational models, and theoretical analyses to understand fundamental physical processes in these systems. We also work extensively on interdisciplinary problems that have a significant physical component to better understand the effects of water motion on the geochemistry, biology, and ecology of shallow marine systems. 

Much of our research is on coral reef hydrodynamics and our lab leads the Physical Oceanographic component of the Moorea Coral Reef LTER project 

Current projects include: 1) wave-driven circulation and exchange in coral reef, lagoon, and pass systems; 2) extreme events and their effects on coral reef systems; 3) understanding the effects of rough bottoms such as corals on circulation and scalar mixing; 4) the impact of stratification on vertical mixing in a highly stratified wind-driven estuary; 5) larval transport around a coral reef island; 6) sponge excurrents; and 7) the effects of wave forcing on corallivory. 

In The News

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

Collin, A, Ramambason, C, Pastol, Y, Casella, E, Rovere, A, Thiault, L, Espiau, B, Siu, G, Lerouvreur, F, Nakamura, N, Hench, JL, Schmitt, RJ, Holbrook, SJ, Troyer, M, and Daviesk, N. "Very high resolution mapping of coral reef state using airborne bathymetric lidar surface-intensity and drone imagery." International Journal of Remote Sensing 39, no. 17 (September 2, 2018): 5676-5688.

Edmunds, PJ, McIlroy, SE, Adjeroud, M, Ang, P, Bergman, JL, Carpenter, RC, Coffroth, MA, Fujimura, AG, Hench, JL, Holbrook, SJ, Leichter, JJ, Muko, S, Nakajima, Y, Nakamura, M, Paris, CB, Schmitt, RJ, Sutthacheep, M, Toonen, RJ, Sakai, K, Suzuki, G, Washburn, L, Wyatt, ASJ, and Mitarai, S. "Critical information gaps impeding understanding of the role of larval connectivity among coral reef islands in an era of Global Change." Frontiers in Marine Science 5, no. AUG (August 27, 2018). (Review)

Safaie, A, Silbiger, NJ, McClanahan, TR, Pawlak, G, Barshis, DJ, Hench, JL, Rogers, JS, Williams, GJ, and Davis, KA. "Author Correction: High frequency temperature variability reduces the risk of coral bleaching." Nature Communications 9, no. 1 (June 5, 2018): 2244-null.

Safaie, A, Silbiger, NJ, McClanahan, TR, Pawlak, G, Barshis, DJ, Hench, JL, Rogers, JS, Williams, GJ, and Davis, KA. "High frequency temperature variability reduces the risk of coral bleaching." Nature Communications 9, no. 1 (April 26, 2018): 1671-null.

Yu, X, Rosman, JH, and Hench, JL. "Interaction of Waves with Idealized High-Relief Bottom Roughness." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 123, no. 4 (April 2018): 3038-3059.

Recent Grants

Courses

ENVIRON 593: Independent Studies and Projects (ENVIRON 593: Independent Studies and Projects)
ENVIRON 770A: Introduction to Physical Oceanography (ENVIRON 770A: Introduction to Physical Oceanography)
ENVIRON 476A: Data and Time Series Analysis in Marine Sciences (ENVIRON 476A: Data and Time Series Analysis in Marine Sciences)
ENVIRON 876A: Data and Time Series Analysis in Marine Sciences (ENVIRON 876A: Data and Time Series Analysis in Marine Sciences)
EOS 393A: Research Independent Study (EOS 393A: Research Independent Study)

Contact Information

135 Duke Marine Lab Rd
Beaufort, NC 28516

Education

Ph.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (2002)
M.S., Stanford University (1992)
B.S., North Carolina State University (1991)