Cindy Van Dover

Cindy Van Dover

Harvey W. Smith Professor of Biological Oceanography

Dr. Cindy Lee Van Dover is a deep-sea biologist with an interest in ocean exploration and the ecology of chemosynthetic ecosystems. She began her work in this field in 1982, joining the first biological expedition to hydrothermal vents on the East Pacific Rise. After earning a Master's degree in ecology from UCLA in 1985, she continued her graduate education in the MIT/Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program in Biological Oceanography. There she joined numerous expeditions and published on diverse topics such as reproductive strategies and recruitment of vent invertebrates, vent food webs, and taxonomic descriptions of new species. In 1989, she described a novel photoreceptor in a vent invertebrate, which in turn led to discovery and characterization of a geothermal source of light at vents and investigations of its biological significance. On receiving her Ph.D. in 1989, Van Dover joined the group that operates the deep-diving submersible ALVIN. She qualified as pilot in 1990 and was pilot-in-command of 48 dives. Her work with ALVIN and other deep-submergence assets has taken her to nearly all of the known vent fields in the Atlantic and Pacific, as well as to deep-water seamounts, seeps, and other significant seafloor features. Her current research focuses primarily on the study of biodiversity, biogeography, and connectivity of invertebrates from chemosynthetic ecosystems and invertebrate functional anatomy.  in addition, she is active in developing pre-industrialization policy and management strategies for deep-sea resources. She has published more than 80 articles in peer-reviewed journals and is an active participant and Chief Scientist in NSF-and NOAA-sponsored field programs to deep-sea environments. 
In addition to research, Van Dover has authored a popular book for the lay audience about the deep sea and her experiences as an ALVIN pilot (Deep-Ocean Journeys; Addison-Wesley, 1997, a.k.a. The Octopus's Garden). She is also the author of the first textbook on hydrothermal vents (The Ecology of Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vents; Princeton University Press, 2000). Van Dover is curator of Beyond the Edge of the Sea, a traveling exhibition of illustrations of deep-sea organisms and environments by artist Karen Jacobsen ( and is currently project lead for Science and Art at the Moment of Discovery, hosting 6 artists (water color, acrylic, experimental media, batik) on a deep-sea research expedition in June 2012.  Her work has been featured in Science News, Discover Magazine, The New York Times, and National Public Radio. Dr. Van Dover was named Virginia Outstanding Scientist in 2006 and is a Fulbright Scholar (France 2004), Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and Distinguished Lecturer for the NSF Ridge 2000 Program. She is the inaugural recipient of the Mines Medal for exceptional leadership and innovation, a George Hammell Cook Distinguished Alumni Award (Cook College, Rutgers University), a Career Awardee from the National Science Foundation, and a William & Mary Alumni Fellowship Awardee for Outstanding Teaching. She is currently the Harvey W Smith Distinguished Professor of Biological Oceanography at Duke University, Chair of the Division of Marine Science and Conservation, and Director of the Duke University Marine Laboratory in Beaufort, N.C.

In The News


Turner, PJ, Campbell, LM, and Van Dover, CL. "Stakeholder perspectives on the importance of rare-species research for deep-sea environmental management." Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 125 (July 1, 2017): 129-134.
Marlow, J, Borrelli, C, Jungbluth, SP, Hoffman, C, Marlow, J, and Girguis, PR. "Opinion: Telepresence is a potentially transformative tool for field science." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114, no. 19 (May 9, 2017): 4841-4844.
Billings, A, Kaiser, C, Young, CM, Hiebert, LS, Cole, E, Wagner, JKS, and Van Dover, CL. "SyPRID sampler: A large-volume, high-resolution, autonomous, deep-ocean precision plankton sampling system." Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 137 (March 2017): 297-306.
LaBella, AL, Van Dover, CL, Jollivet, D, and Cunningham, CW. "Gene flow between Atlantic and Pacific Ocean basins in three lineages of deep-sea clams (Bivalvia: Vesicomyidae: Pliocardiinae) and subsequent limited gene flow within the Atlantic." Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 137 (March 2017): 307-317.
Danovaro, R, Aguzzi, J, Fanelli, E, Billett, D, Gjerde, K, Jamieson, A, Ramirez-Llodra, E, Smith, CR, Snelgrove, PVR, Thomsen, L, and Dover, CLV. "An ecosystem-based deep-ocean strategy." Science (New York, N.Y.) 355, no. 6324 (February 2017): 452-454.

Contact Information

135 Duke Marine Lab Rd
Beaufort, NC 28516


Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1989)
M.A., University of California at Los Angeles (1985)
B.S., Rutgers University (1977)